What are normal sugar levels?

sugar targets
Sugar Targets

What are normal sugar levels?

Managing diabetes properly requires you to understand what various sugar levels mean. Even if you have not been diagnosed with diabetes, knowing what a sugar reading suggests is important so that you can follow-up with a doctor. The doctor can then guide you through the next steps. Here, we discuss the various ranges of sugar levels.

If you have not yet been diagnosed:

You may be at risk of diabetes when your blood glucose levels are greater than or equivalent to:

  • 126 mg/dL after an 8-hour fast OR 200mg/dL without fasting. Some other things to look out for in addition to these sugar readings are:
    • Itchy skin
    • Irritability
    • Dry mouth
    • Blurred vision
    • Dark skin patches
    • Frequent urination
    • Unexplained weight loss
    • Severe and chronic fatigue
    • Increased hunger and thirst

We strongly advise you to visit a healthcare provider if you are experiencing these signs and/or getting high sugar readings. The doctor will make a formal conclusion after an A1C test.

If you are diagnosed with diabetes:

  • Fasting glucose should be less than 100 mg/dL
  • Pre-meal glucose should be 70-130 mg/dL
  • Post-meal glucose (1-2 hours after a meal) should be less than 180 mg/dL

If you are not meeting these targets, we recommend that you approach your doctor or diabetes educator and discuss steps to bring your readings in range. They may recommend some lifestyle changes, which could include modifications to diet plan, sleep habits, or exercise schedule. Your doctor may also adjust your medicine or insulin. It is therefore essential to keep testing sugar levels at the recommended times and having your sugar readings readily available to share with your healthcare provider. 

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